Introduction ::BeninBackground:Present day Benin was the site of Dahomey, a West African kingdom that rose to prominence in about 1600 and over the next two and half centuries became a regional power, largely based on its slave trade. Coastal areas of Dahomey began to be controlled by the French in the second half of the 19th century; the entire kingdom was conquered by 1894. French Dahomey achieved independence in 1960; it changed its name to the Republic of Benin in 1975. A succession of military governments ended in 1972 with the rise to power of Mathieu KEREKOU and the establishment of a government based on Marxist-Leninist principles. A move to representative government began in 1989. Two years later, free elections ushered in former Prime Minister Nicephore SOGLO as president, marking the first successful transfer of power in Africa from a dictatorship to a democracy. KEREKOU was returned to power by elections held in 1996 and 2001, though some irregularities were alleged. KEREKOU stepped down at the end of his second term in 2006 and was succeeded by Thomas YAYI Boni, a political outsider and independent. YAYI, who won a second five-year term in March 2011, has attempted to stem corruption and has strongly promoted accelerating Benin's economic growth.Geography ::BeninLocation:Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and TogoGeographic coordinates:9 30 N, 2 15 EArea:total: 112,622 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 102land: 110,622 sq kmwater: 2,000 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly smaller than PennsylvaniaLand boundaries:total: 1,989 kmborder countries: Burkina Faso 306 km, Niger 266 km, Nigeria 773 km, Togo 644 kmCoastline:121 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 200 nmClimate:tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in northTerrain:mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountainsElevation extremes:lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 mhighest point: Mont Sokbaro 658 mNatural resources:small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timberLand use:arable land: 22.48%permanent crops: 2.61%other: 74.9% (2011)Irrigated land:230.4 sq km (2008)Total renewable water resources:26.39 cu km (2011)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 0.13 cu km/yr (32%/23%/45%)per capita: 18.74 cu m/yr (2001)Natural hazards:hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north from December to MarchEnvironment - current issues:inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertificationEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whalingsigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreementsGeography - note:sandbanks create difficult access to a coast with no natural harbors, river mouths, or islandsPeople and Society ::BeninNationality:noun: Beninese (singular and plural)adjective: BenineseEthnic groups:Fon and related 39.2%, Adja and related 15.2%, Yoruba and related 12.3%, Bariba and related 9.2%, Peulh and related 7%, Ottamari and related 6.1%, Yoa-Lokpa and related 4%, Dendi and related 2.5%, other 1.6% (includes Europeans), unspecified 2.9% (2002 census)Languages:French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)Religions:Catholic 27.1%, Muslim 24.4%, Vodoun 17.3%, Protestant 10.4% (Celestial 5%, Methodist 3.2%, other Protestant 2.2%), other Christian 5.3%, other 15.5% (2002 census)Population:9,877,292 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 89note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expectedAge structure:0-14 years: 44.1% (male 2,223,497/female 2,134,644)15-24 years: 19.9% (male 1,001,845/female 967,664)25-54 years: 29.7% (male 1,476,894/female 1,456,501)55-64 years: 3.5% (male 143,594/female 200,424)65 years and over: 2.8% (male 109,009/female 163,220) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 84 %youth dependency ratio: 78.7 %elderly dependency ratio: 5.3 %potential support ratio: 18.8 (2013)Median age:total: 17.6 yearsmale: 17.2 yearsfemale: 18 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:2.84% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 17Birth rate:37.02 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 19Death rate:8.59 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 78Net migration rate:0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 79Urbanization:urban population: 44.9% of total population (2011)rate of urbanization: 4.12% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:COTONOU (seat of government) 924,000; PORTO-NOVO (capital) 314,000 (2011)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.71 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Mother's mean age at first birth:20 (2006 est.)Maternal mortality rate:350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 33Infant mortality rate:total: 58.54 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 27male: 61.76 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 55.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 60.67 yearscountry comparison to the world: 191male: 59.37 yearsfemale: 62.04 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:5.13 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 17Contraceptive prevalence rate:12.9% (2012)Health expenditures:4.1% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 166Physicians density:0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)Hospital bed density:0.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 84% of populationrural: 68% of populationtotal: 75% of populationunimproved:urban: 16% of populationrural: 32% of populationtotal: 25% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 25% of populationrural: 5% of populationtotal: 13% of populationunimproved:urban: 75% of populationrural: 95% of populationtotal: 87% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:1.2% (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 41HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:60,000 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 55HIV/AIDS - deaths:2,700 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 48Major infectious diseases:degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow feverrespiratory disease: meningococcal meningitisanimal contact disease: rabies (2013)Obesity - adult prevalence rate:6% (2008)country comparison to the world: 151Children under the age of 5 years underweight:20.2% (2006)country comparison to the world: 34Education expenditures:5.4% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 58Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 42.4%male: 55.2%female: 30.3% (2010 census)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 9 yearsmale: 11 yearsfemale: 8 years (2005)Child labor - children ages 5-14:total number: 1,020,981percentage: 46 % (2006 est.)Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 0.8%country comparison to the world: 143male: 1.1%female: 0.6% (2002)Government ::BeninCountry name:conventional long form: Republic of Beninconventional short form: Beninlocal long form: Republique du Beninlocal short form: Beninformer: DahomeyGovernment type:republicCapital:name: Porto-Novo (official capital)geographic coordinates: 6 29 N, 2 37 Etime difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)note: Cotonou (seat of government)Administrative divisions:12 departments; Alibori, Atakora, Atlantique, Borgou, Collines, Kouffo, Donga, Littoral, Mono, Oueme, Plateau, ZouIndependence:1 August 1960 (from France)National holiday:National Day, 1 August (1960)Constitution:adopted by referendum 2 December 1990Legal system:civil law system modeled largely on the French system and some customary lawInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdictionSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Thomas BONI YAYI (since 6 April 2006); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of governmenthead of government: President Thomas BONI YAYI (since 6 April 2006); Prime Minister Pascal KOUPAKI (since 28 May 2011)cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); last held on 13 March 2011 (next to be held in March 2016)election results: Thomas YAYI Boni re-elected president; percent of vote - Thomas YAYI Boni 53.1%, Adrien HOUNGBEDJI 35.6%, Abdoulaye Bio TCHANE 6.1%, other 5.2%Legislative branch:unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (83 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)elections: last held on 30 April 2011 (next to be held in 2015)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FCBE 41, UN 30, other 12Judicial branch:highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of the court president and 3 chamber presidents organized into an administrative division, judicial chamber, and chamber of accounts) Constitutional Court or Cour Constitutionnelle (consists of 7 members including the court president); High Court of Justice (consists of the Constitutional Court members, 6 members appointed by the National Assembly, and the Supreme Court president)note - jurisdiction of the High Court of Justice is to limited cases of high treason by the national president or members of the governmentjudge selection and term of office: Supreme Court president and judges appointed by the national president upon the advice of the National Assembly; judges appointed for single renewable 5-year terms; Constitutional Court members - 4 appointed by the National Assembly and 3 by the national president; members appointed for single renewable 5-year terms; High Court of Justice ""other"" members elected by the National Assembly; member tenure NAsubordinate courts: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; district courts; village courts; Assize courtsPolitical parties and leaders:African Movement for Democracy and Progress or MADEP [Sefou FAGBOHOUN]; Alliance for Dynamic Democracy or ADD; Alliance of Progress Forces or AFP; Benin Renaissance or RB [Rosine SOGLO]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Adrien HOUNGBEDJI]; Force Cowrie for an Emerging Benin or FCBE; Impulse for Progress and Democracy or IPD [Theophile NATA]; Key Force or FC [Lazare SÈHOUÉTO]; Movement for the People's Alternative or MAP [Olivier CAPO-CHICHI]; Rally for Democracy and Progress or PRD [Dominique HOUNGNINOU]; Social Democrat Party or PSD [Bruno AMOUSSOU]; Union for Democracy and National Solidarity or UDS [Sacca LAFIA]; Union for the Relief or UPR [Issa SALIFOU]; Union Makes the Nation or UNnote: approximately 20 additional minor partiesPolitical pressure groups and leaders:other: economic groups; environmentalists; political groups; teachers' unions and other educational groupsInternational organization participation:ACP, AfDB, AU, CD, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTODiplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Cyrille Segbe OGUINchancery: 2124 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008telephone:  (202) 232-6656FAX:  (202) 265-1996Diplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Susan TULLERembassy: Rue Caporal Bernard Anani, Cotonoumailing address: 01 B. P. 2012, Cotonoutelephone:  21-30-06-50FAX:  21-30-66-82Flag description:two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and red (bottom) with a vertical green band on the hoist side; green symbolizes hope and revival, yellow wealth, and red couragenote: uses the popular Pan-African colors of EthiopiaNational symbol(s):leopardNational anthem:name: ""L'Aube Nouvelle"" (The Dawn of a New Day)lyrics/music: Gilbert Jean DAGNONnote: adopted 1960Economy ::BeninEconomy - overview:The economy of Benin remains underdeveloped and dependent on subsistence agriculture, cotton production, and regional trade. Growth in real output had averaged almost 4% before the global recession and it has returned to roughly that level in 2011-12. Inflation has subsided over the past several years. In order to raise growth, Benin plans to attract more foreign investment, place more emphasis on tourism, facilitate the development of new food processing systems and agricultural products, and encourage new information and communication technology. Specific projects to improve the business climate by reforms to the land tenure system, the commercial justice system, and the financial sector were included in Benin's $307 million Millennium Challenge Account grant signed in February 2006. The 2001 privatization policy continues in telecommunications, water, electricity, and agriculture. The Paris Club and bilateral creditors have eased the external debt situation with Benin benefiting from a G-8 debt reduction announced in July 2005, while pressing for more rapid structural reforms. An insufficient electrical supply continues to adversely affect Benin's economic growth though the government recently has taken steps to increase domestic power production. Private foreign direct investment is small, and foreign aid accounts for the majority of investment in infrastructure projects. Cotton, a key export, suffered from flooding in 2010-11, but high prices supported export earnings. The government agreed to a 25% increase in civil servant salaries in 2011, following a series of strikes, increasing pressure on the national budget. Benin has appealed for international assistance to mitigate piracy against commercial shipping in its territory.GDP (purchasing power parity):$15.84 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 139$15.26 billion (2011 est.)$14.74 billion (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$7.429 billion (2012 est.)GDP - real growth rate:3.8% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 913.5% (2011 est.)2.6% (2010 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$1,700 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 199$1,700 (2011 est.)$1,700 (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGross national saving:13.9% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 10912.9% of GDP (2011 est.)13.3% of GDP (2010 est.)GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 79.9%government consumption: 10.5%investment in fixed capital: 22.6%investment in inventories: 0.6%exports of goods and services: 19.4%imports of goods and services: -33%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 35.9%industry: 6.4%services: 57.7% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:cotton, corn, cassava (manioc), yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, cashews; livestockIndustries:textiles, food processing, construction materials, cementIndustrial production growth rate:3.3% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 82Labor force:3.662 million (2007 est.)country comparison to the world: 96Unemployment rate:NA%Population below poverty line:37.4% (2007 est.)Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: 3.1%highest 10%: 29% (2003)Distribution of family income - Gini index:36.5 (2003)country comparison to the world: 83Budget:revenues: $1.407 billionexpenditures: $1.671 billion (2012 est.)Taxes and other revenues:18.9% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 173Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-3.6% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Public debt:28.2% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 11829.5% of GDP (2011 est.)Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):6.8% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1742.7% (2011 est.)Central bank discount rate:4.25% (31 December 2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 854.25% (31 December 2009 est.)Commercial bank prime lending rate:NA%Stock of narrow money:$1.903 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 126$1.715 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$2.95 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 145$2.716 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$1.63 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 141$1.475 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$NACurrent account balance:-$625.3 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 101-$699.9 million (2011 est.)Exports:$1.55 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 146$1.593 billion (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:cotton, cashews, shea butter, textiles, palm products, seafoodExports - partners:China 25.4%, India 24.6%, Lebanon 15.6%, Niger 4.8%, Nigeria 4.2% (2012)Imports:$2.152 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 163$2.188 billion (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:foodstuffs, capital goods, petroleum productsImports - partners:China 37.2%, US 8.9%, India 6.7%, France 5.6%, Malaysia 5.3% (2012)Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:$859.4 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 140$887.4 million (31 December 2011 est.)Debt - external:$1.403 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 151$1.327 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Exchange rates:Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar -510.53 (2012 est.)471.87 (2011 est.)495.28 (2010 est.)472.19 (2009)447.81 (2008)Energy ::BeninElectricity - production:120 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Electricity - consumption:778 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 155Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 167Electricity - imports:866 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 67Electricity - installed generating capacity:60,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 176Electricity - from fossil fuels:98.3% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 60Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 53Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:1.7% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 138Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 112Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 112Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 86Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 161Crude oil - proved reserves:8 million bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 94Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 157Refined petroleum products - consumption:29,170 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 117Refined petroleum products - exports:11,410 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 84Refined petroleum products - imports:35,140 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 79Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 104Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 120Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 65Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 164Natural gas - proved reserves:1.133 billion cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 98Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:3.65 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Communications ::BeninTelephones - main lines in use:152,700 (2011)country comparison to the world: 133Telephones - mobile cellular:7.765 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 91Telephone system:general assessment: inadequate system of open-wire, microwave radio relay, and cellular connections; fixed-line network characterized by aging, deteriorating equipmentdomestic: fixed-line teledensity only about 2 per 100 persons; spurred by the presence of multiple mobile-cellular providers, cellular telephone subscribership has been increasing rapidlyinternational: country code - 229; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; long distance fiber-optic links with Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Nigeria; satellite earth stations - 7 (Intelsat-Atlantic Ocean) (2008)Broadcast media:state-run Office de Radiodiffusion et de Television du Benin (ORTB) operates a TV station with multiple channels giving it a wide broadcast reach; several privately owned TV stations broadcast from Cotonou; satellite TV subscription service is available; state-owned radio, under ORTB control, includes a national station supplemented by a number of regional stations; substantial number of privately owned radio broadcast stations; transmissions of a few international broadcasters are available on FM in Cotonou (2007)Internet country code:.bjInternet hosts:491 (2012)country comparison to the world: 183Internet users:200,100 (2009)country comparison to the world: 139Transportation ::BeninAirports:6 (2013)country comparison to the world: 171Airports - with paved runways:total: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 52,438 to 3,047 m: 21,524 to 2,437 m: 1914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2013)Railways:total: 438 kmcountry comparison to the world: 113narrow gauge: 438 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)Roadways:total: 16,000 kmcountry comparison to the world: 120paved: 1,400 kmunpaved: 14,600 km (2006)Waterways:150 km (seasonal navigation on River Niger along northern border) (2011)country comparison to the world: 102Ports and terminals:major seaport(s): CotonouMilitary ::BeninMilitary branches:Benin Armed Forces (Forces Armees Beninoises, FAB): Army (l'Arme de Terre), Benin Navy (Forces Navales Beninois, FNB), Benin Air Force (Force Aerienne du Benin, FAB) (2013)Military service age and obligation:18-35 years of age for selective compulsory and voluntary military service; a higher education diploma is required; both sexes are eligible for military service; conscript tour of duty - 18 months (2013)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 2,095,373females age 16-49: 2,038,351 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 1,385,065females age 16-49: 1,400,045 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 108,496female: 104,526 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:1.5% of GDP (2011)country comparison to the world: 96Transnational Issues ::BeninDisputes - international:talks continue between Benin and Togo on funding the Adjrala hydroelectric dam on the Mona River; Benin retains a border dispute with Burkina Faso around the town of Koualou; location of Benin-Niger-Nigeria tripoint is unresolvedIllicit drugs:transshipment point used by traffickers for cocaine destined for Western Europe; vulnerable to money laundering due to poorly enforced financial regulations (2008)"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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bénin — bénin … Dictionnaire des rimes
Benin — Benin … Deutsch Wörterbuch
Benin — Bénin Ne doit pas être confondu avec Benin City. Pour une définition du mot « bénin », voir l’article bénin du Wiktionnaire … Wikipédia en Français
bénin — bénin, igne [ benɛ̃, iɲ ] adj. • benigne 1160; masc. refait au XVe; lat. benignus « bienveillant » 1 ♦ Vx ou littér. Bienveillant, indulgent. ⇒ doux. Humeur bénigne. Un critique bénin. Péj. « il est trop mou et trop bénin de caractère » (Sainte… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Benin — • Vicariate Apostolic on the coast of Benin Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Benin Benin † … Catholic encyclopedia
bénin — bénin, igne (bé nin, ni gn ) adj. 1° Qui a de la bénignité. Il n est pas d homme plus bénin. Une humeur bénigne. • Qui ont abondance de ce sang bénin, PASC. Prov. 9. • Ô Seigneur, vous qui donnez aux juges ces regards bénins, ces oreilles… … Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré
bénin — BÉNIN, BÉNIGNE. adject. Doux, humain. Un naturel doux et bénin. Humeur bénigne. [b]f♛/b] Il se dit souvent en dérision, d Une bonté et d une tolérance mal placée. C est le plus bénin de tous les maris. [b]f♛/b] Il signifie figurément, Favorable,… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798
benin — BENIN, Benigne. adj. Doux, humain. Un naturel doux & benin. humeur benigne. On dit aussi, Remede benin. air benin. le ciel benin. astres benins. influences benignes … Dictionnaire de l'Académie française
Benin — [be nēn′, benin′] 1. former native kingdom (fl. 14th 17th cent.) in W Africa, including what came to be known as the Slave Coast 2. country in WC Africa, on the Bight of Benin: formerly a French territory, it became independent in 1960: 43,484 sq … English World dictionary
Benin — Benin, Negerreich in Westafrika, an der Bai von B. (s. Karte bei »Guinea«), die durch das Kap Formoso von der Bai von Biafra getrennt wird, zwischen Lagos im W., dem Niger im O., Joruba und Nupe im N. Hinter der niedrigen hafenlosen Küste, vor… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Benín — El nombre de este país de África debe escribirse con tilde en español por ser voz aguda terminada en n (→ tilde2, 1.1.1): «Arará es un término genérico para definir a los esclavos provenientes de Dahomey, hoy llamado Benín» (Évora Orígenes [Cuba… … Diccionario panhispánico de dudas